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Abner Gaines

A member of the prominent Gaines family, Abner Gaines (b. 1766) purchased property in southern Boone County from Archibald Reid in ca.1813.1) Gaines continued to operate a tavern and inn, building a striking new house in ca.1814, which is preserved today as the Gaines Tavern History Center. Gaines also became the proprietor of the first stagecoach line that carried mail and passengers between Cincinnati and Lexington; a thirty-four hour trip in 1818. 2) Gaines was a Boone County Justice from 1805 to 1817, at which time he was appointed Sheriff.

Abner and his wife Elizabeth (née Matthews) had 13 children; several of them experienced some notoriety in various areas of the United States. Abner's oldest son, James Matthews Gaines, became the first postmaster for the community referred to as Gaines Cross Roads, now Walton, in 1815.3) Woodford Gaines became a paymaster in the regular army and spent time at Fort Smith, Arkansas. President Andrew Jackson appointed Richard Gaines U.S. District Attorney of Mississippi. Legrand Gaines became a wealthy cotton farmer in New Orleans. Benjamin Gaines owned extensive plantations in Chicot County, Arkansas. William H. Gaines made a successful claim for a large portion of Hot Springs, Arkansas.4) Major John Pollard Gaines was a soldier and a statesman, also the original owner of the Maplewood farm along with Margaret Garner and her family before he sold to his brother, Archibald, and moved to the Oregon Territory to assume his position as governor. Archibald K. Gaines was the infamous owner of Margaret Garner when she escaped and was later tried for murdering her child, as well as the illeged father of at least three of her children.5)

Elizabeth Comer, “Gaines Tavern,” 4.
Boone County Historic Preservation Review Board, Historic Structures of Boone County, Kentucky, 86.
Elizabeth Comer, “Gaines Tavern,” 5.
Frances Marion Hanger, “John Pollard Gaines, Oregon's Governor 1850-53,” The Oregonian, August 16, 1908, 5.
Steven Weisenburger, “A Historical Margaret Garner, 3, 4.”
abner_gaines.txt · Last modified: 2020/11/03 18:42 by